The Environmental Issue
Deforestation involves clearing trees by human beings to create land for habitation. The significant growth in the population of people in the world has increased the scarcity of resources such that there is a need to look for alternatives. In some instances, the areas occupied by flora are seen as potential residences since there is limited protection against such activities. At the same time, logging is rampant in many parts of the world due to the need for timber that is used in various activities such as materials for furniture and fuel (Seymour and Jonah, 9). The national geographic states that forests cover an estimated 30% of the landmass on earth, but the area is diminishing each year due to human activities. The data indicate that human beings all over the world reclaim over 18 million hectares of land that are occupied by forest each year (Bradford, par. 1). The most targeted are the rainforests in the tropical, and this could lead to devastation in the world due to the significant implications of these actions.
Many countries all over the world have limited concern about deforestation, and this exacerbates the issue. It is stated that deforestation increases emissions in the atmosphere since it contributes to at least 15%. In 2016, it was noted that the world experienced the most significant loss of trees as an estimated 30 million hectares were cleared (Green Peace Org, par. 3). Almost all living organisms are affected by these activities since there is an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide. On this note, the increase in the population of trees can help due to the absorption of carbon dioxide. Thus, the reduction of green gas emissions will improve the living standards of individuals across the globe. Moreover, forests are considered as part of the complex ecosystem that affects different species on earth. Thus, the loss of trees means that some plants will be extinct, animals will lose their habitat, and human beings will continue to breathe unclean air.
It is estimated that if the deforestation continues at the current rate, it will only take less than a century to annihilate all trees in the world (Bradford, par. 12). Data collected around the world indicates that Indonesia is the most affected country as it has lost over 15 million hectares of forest. Africa and Eastern Europe are among the most affected regions in the world alongside countries such as Brazil and Thailand. Lack of awareness and negligence are some of the challenges that are experienced in these countries, and this leads to an increase in the loss of trees.
Two Policies or Management Strategies to Address the Environmental Issue
Nongovernmental, governmental and international organizations, are involved in the formulation of systems that can reduce deforestation in the world. Although they are concerned with the problem, there is minute progress especially with the increasing need for more land for cultivation and settlement (Seymour and Jonah, 5). For this reason, nations such as the United States have instituted laws that protect the forests and other areas that have endangered species of trees and animals. For instance, the endangered species act prohibits the loss of areas that are inhabited by flora and fauna that risk extinction. Similarly, there is the introduction of the wilderness act, which is concerned with securing places that are considered important in the reduction of deforestation. The administration is involved in these activities such that individuals who flout the rules are prosecuted (Bradford, par. 7). Additionally, there is the introduction of taskforces that identify the areas that should be protected. Through this process, the leadership provides labor that manages these areas so that they are guarded against any form of exploitation. Through these activities, the United States has made significant strides in ensuring that the species are preserved.
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is a worldwide organization that focuses on the prevention of deforestation. The main aim of the institution is to stop any trade that involves wildlife (Green Peace Org, par. 17). Additionally, it ensures forests are protected at all costs. By stopping the trade, the markets of the merchandise are closed such that the traders do not feel the need to engage in the activities. The conservation techniques have been effective since the organization has a large number of members despite voluntary participation. The provision of a framework for the countries to use has been an instrumental approach that many states all over the world have adopted, and this makes it a critical perspective that should be considered by all the countries.
CITES is involved in the regulation of trade involving importation and exportation of the trees and animals that are covered under the convention. Licenses are provided by the authority, and this makes it easier to determine the number of people that are involved (Green Peace Org, par. 17). Further, more than one authority manages the process of allowing individuals to make such transactions, and this enhances transparency and protection. Accordingly, the institution has ratified more than 29, 000 specifies of trees and an estimated 5, 000 types of animals that should be safeguarded. Under such conditions, the world is dedicated to creating change.
Impact of the Policies/Management Strategies
The policies that have been implemented in many countries have been working since governments are involved in regulation and control. For instance, the introduction of laws makes it a constitutional offense to clear forest land and endanger the lives of animals. The introduction of stringent penalties such as incarceration acts as deterrence for such criminal activities. Moreover, the secretariats are involved in the formulation of new policies such as conservation of the areas that are under forest cover especially with the effects of climate change and global warming (Bradford, par. 1). In some cases, the authorities focus on rectification measures such as planting trees after a specified interval. The reclamation of forest land also helps since the population of trees can increase through such policies.
The international organizations that
work in the global context have been instrumental in increasing awareness about
the effects of deforestation. By augmenting these issues, many countries are
voluntarily focusing on the introduction of laws and regulations that will protect
flora and fauna. Since it is an issue that could have a global impact, the
authorities focus on creating an all-inclusive environment where different
parties are engaged irrespective of the level of contribution. However, some of
the countries have limited influence on the affirmation of the objective of the
organizations and administration (Seymour and Jonah, 14).
For instance, Indonesia remains one of the countries with the most significant
form of deforestation, and the situation does not seem to change. Therefore, it
is imperative to consider the inclusion of all the communities, populations, organizations
and individuals so that they can contribute to different perspectives. Under
such conditions, the issue of deforestation will reduce significantly.