- What is the Essence of Policy Implementation? Discuss the effect of implementing organizations.
Policy implementation is the use of resources to pursue objectives outlined within the public law and amendments. The essence of policy implementation is to ensure that organizations meet the stipulated goals through an open and accessible structure. Additionally, it aims to show an organization’s level of responsibility to their consumers as well as creating opportunities throughout the implementation process (Samdal & Rowling, 2012). Therefore, policy implementation seeks to enhance the responsibility of organizations using resources in meeting stipulated goals[user1]
The effects of implementing organization policies are indicated by the outcome performance that policy makers consider vital, rather than compliance of the required policies. According to Hanf and Toonen (2012), most companies focus on achieving minimum success rather than how these policies meet the company’s overall mission and goals. As a result, the implementation process undermines the overall effects of the defined policies intended to meet all the objectives successfully (Nicolaides, 2013). Moreover, policy implementation and implementing organizations create an overlap whereby the organization make administrative rules which further affects the policy enforcement (Guess and Farnham, 2011). Therefore, there is need for implementing companies to ensure that the policies meet the set objective [user2]
- Describe in general terms the policy evaluation process
The evaluation process is conducted with the aim of determining the validity efficiency and effectiveness of policies to facilitate the implementation process. The evaluation strategy is based on formalized outcomes and measures that would highlight long and short-term results from the implementation process, evaluation of required data and how the health care policy data is retrieved (Gerston, 2014). Therefore, the process of evaluation enables organizations to identify the efficiency of policies while highlighting both the long term and short term results.[user3]
The evaluation process commences with the shareholders collecting and analyzing relevant data to determine the ability to achieve the set objectives. Second, the shareholders identify the relevant activities that will help to the evaluation process. Third, the focus is on evaluation design selected to guide their method of evaluation. Fourth, the status of the anticipated outcome is evaluated through a methodological approach. Finally, this stage entails providing detailed feedback to the stakeholders (Schalock, 2001). This feedback stage should highlight the policies performance in various areas as well as its influence on policy adoption and implementation.
Gerston, L. N. (2014). Public policy making: Process and principles. United Kingdom: Routledge.
Guess, G. M., & Farnham, P. G. (2011). Cases in public policy analysis. Washington, DC:
Georgetown University Press.
Hanf, K. I., & Toonen, T. A. (Eds.). (2012). Policy implementation in federal and unitary
systems: questions of analysis and design (Vol. 23). Springer Science & Business Media.
Nicolaides, P. (2013). Microfoundations of Policy Implementation: Towards European Best
Practices. United Kingdom: Routledge.
Samdal, O., & Rowling, L. (Eds.). (2012). The implementation of health promoting schools:
Exploring the theories of what, why and how. United Kingdom: Routledge.
Schalock, R. L. (2001). Outcome-based evaluation. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media.
[user1]Always have a concluding sentence summarizing the points discussed in the paragraph
[user2]Ensure that you do not end a sentence with citation and add a concluding sentence at the end of each paragraph
[user3]NEVER end a sentence with citation. Instead add a concluding sentence
[user4]Must be centered