I chose this topic because research is important during innovation. The government plays a crucial role by funding research in universities using public funds. Therefore, it is vital to establish mechanisms of selecting suitable candidates for funding to facilitate quality research and funding.
The article explores the dangers presented by performance-based public funding for non-competitive higher education systems. The authors state that using such a system in a non-competitive education system where top scientists are dispersed among all universities may end up locking up top researchers who work in low-performance institutions. Available literature from the use of a performance-based funding system in Italy shows that such a system is desirable because it stimulates excellence in the field of research in public institutions. The authors, however, insist that the context in which this system is applied matters. If the education system is competitive, this method of evaluation is excellent. However, in a non-competitive, this method is not effective because the variability in performance between different universities is high. Therefore, for this system to work in such education systems, the assessment has to go down to the individual scientists’ level. Without individual ranking, lower performing scientists in top ranking universities may end up getting more funds than well-performing scientists in lower performing universities get. The authors suggest allocation of funds based on individual rankings rather than university rankings in non-competitive higher education systems if the government seeks to support maximum productivity among researchers.
The government has to come up with funds allocation systems to finance research and innovation activities. The performance measures used to rank universities in a competition-based system cannot be similar to those used in a non-competitive higher education system. I agree that allocating funding to researchers based on university rankings will not be effective in a non-competitive higher education system. Top scientists in lowly ranked universities might not have access to the financial assistance yet they have projects that solve contemporary problems. Therefore, there is need to customize performance measures to a particular education by adopting a system of individually ranking scientists before funding their research.
Abramo, G., Cicero, T., & D’Angelo, C. A. (2011). The dangers of performance-based research funding in non-competitive higher education systems. Scientometrics, 87(3), 641-654.