True / False Questions
1. (p. 93) The U.S. Constitution establishes a system of government based on the principle of federalism.
2. (p. 93) Congress has the power to enact legislation, but the president can veto a law that Congress passes.
3. (p. 94) The U.S. Constitution explicitly allows courts to review legislative and executive actions to determine whether they are constitutional.
4. (p. 94) Judicial review allows courts to review the constitutionality of lower courts’ decisions.
5. (p. 94) The primary source of authority for federal regulation of business is the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
6. (p. 95) Federal laws include laws passed by federal administrative agencies.
7. (p. 102) Congress can use its spending power to achieve social welfare objectives.
8. (p. 103) The fourteenth amendment is part of the Bill of Rights.
9. (p. 105) No First Amendment protections apply to corporations.
10. (p. 105) Not all corporate speech is political speech.
Multiple Choice Questions
11. (p. 93) According to the principle of federalism established by the U.S. Constitution, how is the authority to govern allocated?
12. (p. 93) According to the ______ Amendment to the Constitution, all powers that the Constitution neither gives exclusively to the federal government nor takes from the states are reserved for the states.
13. (p. 93) Why must federal legislation that affects business be based on an expressed constitutional grant of authority?
14. (p. 93) The U.S. Constitution allocates the power of the federal government among _____ branches of the government.
15. (p. 93) What are the three independent branches of the federal government?
16. (p. 94) How was the process of judicial review established, under which courts review legislative and executive actions to determine whether they are constitutional?
17. (p. 95) Which clause provides that the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the United States constitute the supreme law of the land?
18. (p. 95) Which of the following is true regarding laws passed by the U.S. Congress under the authority of the commerce clause?
19. (p. 99) Reference: “Junk food.” Mary Dogood, a member of the school board in ABC County, is appalled at the amount of junk food in the schools. She convinces the state legislature to pass an ordinance that no stores may sell any unhealthy, junk food within 500 feet of any school or day care center. A teacher of political science raises the issue of whether the regulation is valid and is told that it is a valid exercise of the jurisdiction’s police power to protect its citizens. Convenience stores balk at the regulation and challenge it in court. What does the term “police power” reference?